Here is a video that will take you through many of the body regions: surface regions of the human body
These images can be used for practice/study
(Click for a printable pdf of practice images Introduction images)
This image shows a human body in the anatomical position– use this image to practice labeling body regions, body planes, and directional terms (click on image for larger version).
Directional terms: Here are some directional terms that most Anatomy students need to know:
- proximal means closer to the body along a limb.
- distal means farther from the body along a limb.
- anterior or ventral means towards the front of the human body.
- posterior or dorsal or caudal all mean towards the rear of the body.
- superior means upwards towards the head
- inferior means downwards towards the feet
- medial means towards the middle or mid-line of the body
- lateral means away from the mid-line of the body
Body sections/planes: These are the major planes of the body (most useful when looking at MRI or CT scan images)
- sagittal section — A section down the body from the front or back. If you were cut in half on a sagittal plane there would be a left and a right half left behind.
- frontal or coronal section — a section down through the body from the side. If you were cut in a frontal section there would be a front and rear half left behind.
- transverse section — a horizontal section from the back, front, or side. If you were cut through your middle on a horizontal plane there would be a top and bottom half left behind.
- oblique section — any diagonal section through the body.
(click on images for larger version)
Notice how I’ve listed these cavities and how they are seen in the image above (for example: The pericardial cavity is inside of the thoracic cavity, and the thoracic cavity is inside of the ventral cavity)
- Ventral cavity
- thoracic cavity
- left pleural cavity
- pericardial cavity
- right pleural cavity
- abdominopelvic cavity
- abdominal cavity
- pelvic cavity
- thoracic cavity
These are the organs easily seen from the front of a torso model.
Here is a list of these organs that includes the cavities they are found in starting from the most specific or smallest cavity.
- Brain — found in cranial cavity and dorsal cavity.
- Right lung — found in right pleural cavity, thoracic cavity, and ventral cavity.
- Heart — found in pericardial cavity, thoracic cavity, and ventral cavity.
- Liver — found in abdominal cavity, abdominopelvic cavity, and ventral cavity.
- Stomach — found in abdominal cavity, abdominopelvic cavity, and ventral cavity.
- Large intestine — found in abdominal cavity, abdominopelvic cavity, and ventral cavity.
- Small intestine — found in abdominal cavity, abdominopelvic cavity, and ventral cavity.